Buyer's Guides Vinyl Care

Surfactant: Cleaning Your Vinyl, A Buyer’s Guide

One of the most important tools in the armoury of the vinyl fan, Paul Rigby asks what they are, why they’re important in terms of vinyl cleaning and which surfactants you should buy

I’ve been testing and using vinyl cleaning products for well, decades. During that time, I have progressed from budget, manual felt pads and brushes to manual cleaning machines, motorised cleaning machines with vacuum pumps of various types and quality and finally, ultra-modern and still-developing ultrasonic technologies. 

It’s very easy to be dragged into a technology-centric point of view when looking at vinyl cleaning. As if the machinery is all and that your vinyl cleaning stands and falls upon it and only it.

It’s very important. That is true. Critical, even. That said, it is not all. If you don’t look at the other areas of vinyl cleaning then you will drastically diminish the efficiency of the vinyl clean itself. 

That is, even if you have a top-of-the-line, very expensive ultrasonic cleaner, if you ignore the rest of the toolkit that is required to clean your vinyl record, then the final results, the final ‘clean’ will be reduced in quality. By how much? That’s difficult to say and tough to stick a number upon but, at a guess, I’d say by as much as 25%-50%. Depending on the technology you are using.

If you take the machine out of the picture for a moment, if you look at the remaining vinyl tools that I use on a regular basis, the surfactant is next in line in terms of importance. 

Loricraft RCM

Surfactant is basically a liquid that you apply to the record, before the cleaning machine and any other liquid you might wish to use comes into play. It’s there to aid and enhance the cleaning process. It doesn’t clean the record itself but allows your vinyl cleaning machinery and liquid to do a better job. It assists them. I wouldn’t dream of cleaning my records without it.  

So how does surfactant help your vinyl cleaning hardware in its cleaning task? By reducing surface tension. 


When you use your favourite liquid to clean your record – no-matter what piece of hardware is involved – when your cleaning liquid is in play, it has an issue. It can’t get close enough to the vinyl to do its job because of surface tension. Don’t forget, we’re talking about cleaning grooves that exist on the micro-level here. Hence, any surface tension existing in that area will act as a barrier and because grooves are so small, that barrier is pretty large and strong. Thus, the effect prevents the cleaning liquid getting right up close to the vinyl surface, reducing its effectiveness.

Pro-Ject RCM

Yes, if you clean your vinyl without surfactant being involved, your vinyl will still benefit. You will (or should) hear a sonic improvement after you put your vinyl through the cleaning process. But that cleaning effect will be reduced. Like my childhood school reports used to say? It ‘can do better’.

So surfactants remove surface tension. In effect, a surfactant makes your cleaning liquid wetter. This is why you will see some commercial surfactants labelled as Wetting Agents. It’s another name for the same thing. You’ll find numerous Wetting Agents in photography, for example. They perform the same sort of tasks in that area too. 

Moth RCM

Hence, if you look right up close and personal at your cleaning liquid. If you were able to look at the bits of the liquid that are doing the cleaning job? Well, a surfactant allows those bits to have more and greater contact with the vinyl surface. 


As I say, to use a surfactant, you apply it directly to the surface of your vinyl. You initially prepare the surfactant before use. Normally, you would dilute it in distilled water although some liquids arrived pre-diluted. Surfactants in their original and pure form are normally quite concentrated so you might dilute one part surfactant to 200, for example. That might vary, it depends on the product. 

Once mixed properly, you apply drops to the vinyl surface. You spread it around the area of the vinyl with a brush or somesuch then insert it into your manual cleaner, ultrasonic cleaner or whatever cleaning apparatus you have to hand and then clean as normal. 

When the cleaning (and subsequent drying) process has been completed, the surfactant should have been removed along with your normal cleaning liquid, leaving a spotless vinyl surface, ready for play. I do like to add a final rinse, though. Giving the vinyl record another cleaning cycle without surfactant being involved. Why? Because I don’t know what the long-term effects are of surfactant residue lying on vinyl. That is, in terms of weeks, months and years. So I’m being careful and cautious.

I will leave the detailed, step-by-step cleaning instructions of cleaning your vinyl with a surfactant to another feature or features because I intend to create three cleaning features (and videos) in the future. They will focus on cleaning your vinyl via manual methods, a vacuum-based cleaning machine and an ultrasonic cleaner. Each will need different cleaning approaches. The publication of this feature is a necessary precursor to those How To… articles because surfactants will be mentioned in all of them.


So then, you’re sorted? Just grab the nearest surfactant and you’re off and running? 

Well, no.

That’s a bit like saying, grab the nearest turntable and you’re off and running or the nearest DAC or speakers. No. There are good and bad surfactants. There are also variations in amongst the good batch of surfactants. They, like anything in hi-fi, vary. Each performs differently.

For this feature, I looked at five products, most of which need to be diluted in distilled water. Don’t use tap water. That’s contaminated with all kinds of chemicals. Use a purified water. Distilled water. I would avoid de-ionised water which – so I hear – doesn’t destroy bacteria in the water. Distilled does that. You can grab distilled water from all over the place including sellers on eBay, Amazon and direct via the Web. Saying that, if you have trouble sourcing a supply of distilled water, check out the link below for a source I use. The source I use is also used by research establishments and industrial companies and I’ve never had an issue with them.

Distilled Water arrives in a variety of container sizes

As I’ve said above, when you’re diluting your surfactant, you’ll be popping in a few drops into litres of water. That’s the sort of ratio you need to expect. So be prepared to grab a spare bottle of suitable size to store your diluted surfactant. Also, depending on the surfactant purchased, don’t be surprised to see very small bottles of surfactant indeed. Don’t be alarmed either. At the rate of normal vinyl cleaning use, even a tiny bottle of surfactant will last a long time because, as I say, you’re using a few drops of surfactant into a litre or two of distilled water and then its going to take quite a while just to run through that first batch.

Easy-to-grab storage containers can be a litre, litre and a half or two-litre water bottle. Using an older spring water bottle, of the type you might purchase from a supermarket, is useful because it means that the bottle itself will be pretty clean and won’t be full of left-over chemicals that will need excessive cleaning for use. 

Spring water bottles can be purchase from most supermarkets and general stores

If you use an empty spring water bottle – make sure it has a screw top – then you still need to clean it out but the effort is minimal. Fill the bottle a third of the way with distilled water. Give it a good shake. Empty the bottle. Then repeat twice more and you should be good to go. Don’t clean it with tap water because you’ll leave a chemical residue.

Once the diluted surfactant is in the newly cleaned container, store it in a cool dark place, certainly away from sunlight. 

Because I know that I’ll be cleaning lots of records for years to come, I like to grab a 25 litre barrel of distilled water. Partly because it will last for a while and partly because buying in bulk saves cash. Then I store that on its side having previously added a barrel-like tap which you can buy separately and screw to the container’s outlet. Propped on its side you can then use the newly fitted tap to fill your empty litre container when necessary.

Tap for a barrel-type distilled-water container

When you’ve diluted your surfactant and you’re standing there with your two litre bottle of diluted liquid, you’ll need to decant that into a smaller bottle for day-to-day use. 

Pipette bottle

Take the larger litre bottle with you to sit next to your cleaning machine, to act as a convenient refill but use a smaller bottle for the actually cleaning. Otherwise, the larger bottle will be rather unwieldily. I apply my surfactant with a glass eye-drop/pipette. I bought mine as a two-bottle set from Amazon. Again, I’ll put a link at the bottom of the feature in case you need that. Applying the surfactant to the vinyl surface using a pipette means I can be more exacting in my surfactant application to disperse the liquid evenly around the disc. It also means that I can avoid wetting the record label.   

I can talk a lot more about the application of the surfactant, the dos and don’ts, what to do and when in the vinyl cleaning features/videos I mentioned above. So, if you have lots of questions popping in your head right about now, hopefully they will all be answered within those forthcoming features. For now, the tools listed above are what you will need, to use the surfactant for vinyl cleaning. 


Some surfactants are aimed at users of ultrasonic machines. The latter normally arrives with a bath of liquid that is fed into the machine to then help clean your records. Some manual machines feature a bath system too.

There are surfactants out there that are designed to be added to the bath itself and not applied directly to the surface of a vinyl record. These bath-oriented surfactants tend to be a concoction of ingredients, some of which are best not applied directly to the vinyl surface. For example, the liquid supplied by Degritter and listed below, contains a surfactant but also some alcohols. You should not apply alcohol directly to the vinyl surface, even if it is part of a larger recipe. Hence, Degritter is correct to indicate that its surfactant is to be added to the bath. 

Testing bath-applied surfactants means that in fact, I’m testing the company surfactant with the company cleaning liquid too because they’re mixed in. It’s the best I can do though because the company does not supply its surfactant as a separate entity.

The bath for the Audio Desk ultrasonic cleaner. It’s down there, in the hole…somewhere

Before you ask, yes I did undertake a series of tests comparing surfactants added to a bath to those surfactants added directly to the vinyl surface. I found the latter won out every time. Surfactants applied directly to the vinyl surface proved to be more efficient and better performing. The bath-filled surfactants did a decent job, they did work. Just not as well as the directly-applied liquids. 

Before we dive into the list itself, is it comprehensive? No, absolutely not. There are liquids out there that I know about and can’t afford because they’re too pricey to test at the moment. Nonidet NP-40 was one of those. I could buy it in but it was too expensive for my limited funds. During the tests a small bottle could be had for £100. As I was editing this feature I did see a larger bottle available for £64. Hopefully the price will fall further and then I’ll buy it in for testing. 

Around the back, the bath part of the Degritter ultrasonic cleaner

There may be other liquids out there that might be awaiting discovery. If I am made aware of them then again, I’ll test them whenever I can to update this feature.

To keep the size of this feature to manageable levels, I have restricted my actual list to those surfactants that I have used and tested and have lots or at least some redeeming features. That is, surfactants that I recommend. I’m happy to talk about others in comments or messages to me on my site, YouTube channel or other social media outlets I reside within. 


To test the following surfactants, I used the best ultrasonic cleaner I could get my hands on. That meant using a Degritter.

The Degritter was my reference machine during these tests

Testing one surfactant with another meant a lot of A-B tests and complex cleaning patterns and multiple cycle cleans to reinforce my final conclusions. It took a long time to run through which is one reason why this feature has been delayed and delayed again.


Despite the fact that all of the following liquids are recommended. I still retain favourites within the list. Hence, I’m going to do is list the surfactants in reverse order. With No.1 being my most preferred product. Prices are ‘per bottle’.


Price: £14


To be fair to Audio Desk, the company doesn’t actually list this liquid as an on-disc surfactant, per se. Not because there’s any risk of damage to your vinyl if applied directly but because Audio Desk sees its best use as part of the machine’s general cleaning process. Hence, you apply it to the bath of an ultrasonic cleaner and the surfactant does its job as part of the larger cleaning process.

It’s a combo liquid containing a surfactant but also cleaning ingredients but I wanted to test it anyway. I was curious.

You will need to dilute this 35ml bottle of liquid into around four to four and a half litres of distilled water which means that it will last quite a while if used in an ultrasonic bath.

If you decide to apply it directly to a record’s surface then one tiny bottle will last for many months. It provides good value, therefore.

I have no idea what’s in the liquid, Audio Desk keep it a secret but I hear from sources, close to the company, that no alcohol is included so a direct vinyl application should be fine. 

I tested the liquid from the bath, as part of a larger cleaning cycle but also directly applied to the vinyl surface.

The results showed that the liquid worked well, better when applied directly to disc, I have to say. The cleaned disc showed improvements to the control within the midrange, treble offered a better structure and bass offered admirable character. The soundstage, as a whole, was quite coherent in its presentation.


Price: €28


Degritter’s surfactant is supposed to be added to the ultrasonic cleaner’s bath only. Hopefully, from the company’s point of view, in a Degritter ultrasonic cleaner bath. I would not recommend applying this one directly to the vinyl surface because it contains alcohol and applying any sort of alcohol to vinyl is a definite no-no. The substance is too aggressive for that. 

Hence, this one is straight into the bath, whether that be a manual machine like the Disco Antistatic or an ultrasonic device.

You receive 100ml of liquid in the bottle and you only need to add 1-2ml to a  bath of distilled water at any one time so the bottle will last quite a while.

In use? The Degritter liquid is good. Not great but good. I do prefer it to the Audio Desk liquid in terms of its final frequency transparency but it is relatively veiling when compared to the specialist surfactants that we’ll get to in a moment. Hence, it’s performance is good, you can hear sonic improvements but you’ll be frustrated a little because you’ll want more.


Price: £22

Contact: Various Internet Retailers (Buy Links Below)

This one is known as a ‘wetting agent’ in photography circles but here it serves as a surfactant. It’s the same thing, basically.  

I bought a 1 litre bottle from Amazon but you can grab it from eBay and other photography gear sites, possibly for a lower price than the one stated here.

This liquid is highly concentrated so it will go a long way. For vinyl use? It’s possibly a lifetime supply actually. Well no, actually that won’t be the case because Ilford gives the bottle a shelf life of 36 months.

That’s because the dilution ration is 1:200. So that’s one drop of Ilfotol to 200 drops of distilled water.

Actually, Ilfotol itself looks watery. It’s not thick of gloopy, is clear and looks nothing special at all.

In use, the Ilfotol was clearly a league ahead of the previous products. That is, the Audio Desk and Degritter liquids were direct competitors but the Ilfotol was a leap ahead of those. By some distance, actually. The latter two products, speaking generally, sounded a little warmer and veiled by comparison.

Ilfotol sounded far more transparent and produced a superior soundstage where the presentation was airy in nature. I noted this effect while listening to a bass guitar in a select rock track and precise percussion strikes in jazz. The latter was crisp without being strident. I also thought that vocals were tighter and more emotive.

After an Ilfotol clean, subtle effects buried at the rear of the mix could be better picked out by the ear.

The liquid also removed itself effectively from the vinyl surface.

In short, the performance improvements were very large indeed while the value was better too.



Price: £9.95


Before I dive into this one, Triton X-100 has been associated with Kodak’s Photo Flo wetting agent. Some people have suggested the latter for use as a vinyl surfactant. I’m slightly uncomfortable about that. Mostly because I have found conflicting contents lists on the liquid. Some say the Kodak product contains Triton X-100. Some say that it’s not X-100 but X-114 which has slightly different properties. Others say that it actually features a completely different surfactant. I’ve even heard that alcohol is in there somewhere. 

My main issue is not so much the ingredients I see listed (although alcohol would be a major problem) it’s the doubt. The uncertainty. And if I can pick up Tritnn X-100 up as a lab-grade liquid, then all the better.

Sounding like a flying machine from the kids show, Thunderbirds, the Triton X-100 supply I found available for sale was indeed of a lab-grade quality and surprisingly, relatively low in price but part of the reason was because the liquid only amounted to 15ml. Don’t be dismayed though, that will last for a long time.

In use, I squirted 20 micro drops (smaller drops than usual, from its built-in bottle dropper) per two litre bottle of distilled water. 

Once those drops were resting on the bottle’s base, I could hardly see them. The concentrate looked more like an accidental smear. That’s how little was used.

Shelf life on this liquid is excellent, “many years” was one guesstimate I read about on a science/tech website. Of course, that means storage in a low light, cool and dry place.

In sound terms? There is plenty of detail available here, set within an a spacious and wide soundstage. Vocals offered emotion and an admirable texture, bass was organic while the upper mids provide a dynamic reach that  had you glued to the music, expectant about what was to follow, what riches of information were about to spill out of the speakers. 

The bass too offered plenty of attributes with a weight and heft that provided plenty of power.  

Just to add context, the improvement over Ilfotol was not massive. Not the same distance as that between the Audio Desk/Degritter combo and Ilfotol. That said, the improvements triggered by the Triton X-100 were definitely there, definitely noticeable and large enough for me to move on from Ilfotol to Triton X100 in a heartbeat.

***IMPORTANT NOTE***: I was recently alerted (10/3/21) by a kindly contributor in the Comments section that Triton X-100 has now been banned for use in Europe. Hence I now do not NOT recommend Triton X-100 for use in vinyl cleaning. There is talk of a replacement being tagged as a safe alternative. Something called Nereid, which is a cousin of Triton X-100 but without the bad stuff, basically. I’ll keep an eye on this contender because it’s still in the testing stage, so I hear. When I can, I’ll give it a test. You can find more information here: Here’s a précis of the Triton X-100 issue: “A Triton X-100 degradation product has indeed turned out to be ecotoxic as it possesses hormone-like (estrogeno-mimetic) activity that may act on wildlife.[12] The ECHA finally included the substance group in the Authorisation List (Annex XIV),[13] mandating the pharmaceutical and other industries to replace this detergent by the “sunset date” January 4, 2021, thereby affecting EU manufacturers, importers, and downstream users, as well as non-European manufacturers exporting their products into the EU.”


Price: £27 (approx.)


Although I’m reviewing the substance itself, Tergitol and I’ll refer to the liquid as that, the brand name of the bottle I purchase from eBay is know as TergiKleen. I had to buy mine from the USA. There are – or at least were at the last count – two suppliers of this liquid on eBay, although one appears to have a greater supply than the other and the price varies too. I’ve stated the cheapest, at the time of writing.

Tergitol is a popular liquid as far as archival institutions are concerned being part of the armoury for a few organisations both in the USA and Canada but it’s also popular with record collectors and audiophiles. 

It’s supplied in a concentrated container and a pretty small one at that but, surprisingly, it will make 30 gallons from its 30ml concentrate. That, my friends, is an awful lot of surfactant. Like Ilfotol, it will past its ‘best before’ date way before you use it all up. That’s around two years, possibly more if its kept in a cool, dry low light, area.

The dilution ratio focuses on 10-20 drops in a 2 litre bottle, I used 20. They are micro drops from the built-in dropper. 

When compared to Ilfotol, Tergitol opened up the midrange, extending the dynamic reach of both the midrange and the treble, acoustic guitars were smooth but also incisive. Vocals offered more grain and texture which created emotion, harmonies especially so. Bass percussion was organic with a real impact while the nature of the impact was also full of character.

Not only that, previously shy instruments, buried in the mix, began to emerge into the light. 



The Audio Desk and Degritter liquids are good but not great and are best used in the baths of their respective  ultrasonic cleaners, as recommended by each company. 

If you’re already using Ilfotol and you’re happy with it, by all means carry on with that liquid. It’s a great performer, highly recommended and it will continue to do a great job. When the time comes to buy a new liquid, once the ‘best before’ date has been reached, consider looking at Triton X-100 or Tergitol.

Speaking of which? Both Triton X-100 and Tergitol are excellent in performance terms and both offer top notch performance. To be honest, I would be happy to use either or both.

Differences? They are there. Very subtle, I have to say but certainly there. If I was to pin each down, I would say that Tergitol provides slightly more air in the midrange, a slightly extended dynamic reach and the opportunity for more upper frequency detail to enter the soundstage.

As for the Triton X-100? If anything, it offers a superior tonal balance with a stronger bass, a better foundation for all instruments across the soundstage and a stronger presentation.

Minolta DSC

Bottom line? If I was going to whittle the two liquids down to a soundbite? I would say that Tergitol offers slightly superior upper frequencies and Triton X-100 provides slightly superior lower frequencies. 

Now I’m looking for a surfactant that provides both!

For now, I will stick with Tergitol because I hear a smidgeon more information coming through via the liquid but I will continue to test the Triton X-100 which is, I have to emphasise, excellent in performance terms. 


Degritter ultrasonic cleaner:

Distilled Water:


Barrel tap:

Use the above tap location as a visual reference only. You may prefer a different design and the price may be much cheaper to boot. There should be plenty of choice.

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  • Reply
    21st September 2020 at 9:30 pm

    Thanks Paul for your review. I really appreciate it! Keep up the great work.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      22nd September 2020 at 1:04 pm

      Many thanks, Joe.

  • Reply
    22nd September 2020 at 8:34 am

    Hi Paul,
    I have been using Infotol as a surfactant having listened to your earlier YouTube post on the subject. I get the reason for using it to break down the surface tension to allow the cleaner to reach the record surface, but what I am struggling to understand is why should different surfactants change the sound of the record. If the surfactant does it’s job and the cleaning fluid reaches the record and cleans the grooves how can the sound differ? Surely it’s down to the cleaning fluid, and if the record is clean the sound should be constant?

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      22nd September 2020 at 1:08 pm

      I reckon there is a sliding scale on how much a surfactant cleans and removes dirt and oils and how much residue it leaves on the disc. I have a suspicion that Triton X-100 leaves something on the disc which ‘enhances’ the bass. Your stylus is a dumb tool, it will play what it sees and it will interpret that into sound so I think that’s why Tergitol sounds a tad more informative and open, because there is less Tergitol left in the groove.

      • Reply
        22nd September 2020 at 1:22 pm

        Thanks for the reply Paul. The surfactant is only a “wetting agent” so surely doesn’t clean or remove dirt from the record but allows the cleaning fluid to attach to the dirt better. On a dirty record a lot of the surfactant will cover the dirt not the vinyl which should be removed by the cleaning fluid. Perhaps this is another variable; different cleaning fluids and methods of cleaning may have an effect on how much surfactant remains. Different cleaning fluids may remove certain surfactants better. In an ideal world it should have all been removed along with the dirt.

        • Reply
          Paul Rigby
          22nd September 2020 at 1:33 pm

          Hi Richard
          You can remove surfactant residue by utilising a rinse. That does improve sound quality I found. That said, even with a clean rinse, I wonder if there might be a micro-level residue that remains with some surfactants (other factors were stable incidentally, in the test, the surfactant was the only variable). I doubt that the surfactant will only attach itself to dirt and oils too. Some of the records tested had no obvious dirt within the grooves. Only caked on ‘release agent’. In addition, the surfactant will surely be rotated and remixed in and around the liquid. I don’t see the surfactant being cleanly disconnected or sliced away by the cleaning liquid. I reckon it’ll be a bit more complicated than that. As I say, I tried to make the tests a level-playing-field environment so that only differences were the surfactants. Thanks for the points, though. This is an area that deserves more research.

    • Reply
      19th February 2021 at 3:05 pm

      Totally agree.

  • Reply
    Tony Eden
    22nd September 2020 at 1:49 pm

    Hi Paul,
    Thanks for a great article, have been waiting for it to re-appear since YouTube version became unavailable.
    I have one question, I seem to remember in a previous article you added some Propylene Glycol to the surfactant mixture, but it was not mentioned in this article, is it no longer a requirement

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      22nd September 2020 at 2:59 pm

      Thanks Tony and I wanted to leave the Glycol thing until I published the vinyl cleaning ‘How To’. That’s really a separate issue and I didn’t want to complicate this Buyer’s Guide by talking about it there. Glad you remembered though 🙂

  • Reply
    Alan Baron
    22nd September 2020 at 3:43 pm

    Thank you for the article, Paul. You may wish to inform readers that Tergitol offers different formulations. 15 S-3 is an oil-based surfactant while 15 S-9 is water-based. I suspect, but do not know, that the oil-based formula would be difficult to rinse.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      22nd September 2020 at 3:57 pm

      Thanks for that, Alan – I hear that TergiKleen and the similar solutions used by archival institutions use a combo of 3 and 9. Purposely mixed together. Apparently, they work well together. Apparently, from what I read, 3 helps to weaken finger print-type grease while 9 aids vinyl cleaning liquids by displacing other contaminants. Also, I hear that 9 keeps 3 in solution as a miscible. For the purpose of the feature though, I referred to this combo as “Tergitol” and didn’t go into too much detail because the darned feature was big enough as it was! Then again, that’s what this Comments section is all about. To talk about this sort of thing.

  • Reply
    Alan Baron
    22nd September 2020 at 4:25 pm

    Paul, It is my understanding that the mixture of 3 and 9 was a consequence of supply problems related to the S-7 solution. For whatever reason, some audiophiles believed the combination of 3 & 9 created 7. I have no idea if S-7 is a superior surfactant. I remain reticent to use any oil-based surfactant in the record cleaning process. Nice chatting with you.

  • Reply
    Peter Church
    23rd September 2020 at 3:15 pm

    I enjoyed your article. I appreciate there must be hundreds of products on the market. I have been using L’ART du SON ( ) that I mix with purified water B.P. that I buy from a local chemist. I only have a manual cleaner so rinse the record with just water after using the L’ART du SON.
    If you are still continuing your research I would be interested in hearing how this compares with others you have tried to see if it is worth me changing.
    Best regards, Peter Church

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      24th September 2020 at 10:16 am

      Hi Peter – yes, L’Art du Son is a recommended product and it’s one that was my ‘go-to’ for years while I was using a Loricraft RCM. I no longer use either of those products now but, if you’re finding success with L’Art du Son, then by all means continue. Just keep it out of the light (this is why it comes in a coloured container) and keep a close eye on it in terms of shelf life because it does have one. It will start to feature bacteria growth after a while. I would, periodically, clean a clear container (e.g. glass bowl) with distilled water, *dry thoroughly* then pour the L’Art du Son into that and look carefully for cloudy, floaty bits. Then pour back if all is well or bin the lot if you see *any* contamination. After 6 months to a year of use is a good time to start your watch and then every month or two after would be useful.

  • Reply
    Ian Barber
    6th November 2020 at 12:46 pm

    Hi Paul,

    Just bought a MK2 Disco Antistat manual cleaner, together with some Ilfotol, distilled water and some Isopropanol for record cleaning. I believe that I am correct in saying that I should mix-up a 1-7% solution of Isopropyl with distilled water followed by a 1:200 solution of Ilfotol ? However, presumably, I should add the Ilfotol mix directly to the lp first by pippette, then put the lp in the cleaning solution and rotate 6 times in both directions, rather than add the Ilfotol mix to the cleaning solution ? Great article, looking forward to more of the same, many thanks.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      6th November 2020 at 5:40 pm

      Hi Ian – When I publish my guide I will talk about Glycol but don’t worry about that yet. For now then 1% alcohol is fine and diluted Ilfotol (as directed) too. Yes, the Ilfotol should be applied to the vinyl surface via pipette and brushed into the grooves in a spiral fashion with a Kabuki brush (lady’s make up brush). The stubby bristles are ideal. Yes, 6 in both directions as one cycle but don’t be afraid to try multiple cycles. Most vinyl will need it to remove the hardened pressing plant-derived oils. One cycle will be a great help if you haven’t got the time for more cycles, though. The alcohol should be in the bath of distilled water only. Not on the vinyl. The Ilfotol should be on the vinyl disc only, not in the bath.

  • Reply
    Ian Barber
    7th November 2020 at 8:30 am

    Hi Paul, Great, thanks for the info which is much appreciated.
    Just a question, I assume that after a coating , the Ilfotol will contaminate the bath solution with repeated use, unless it evaporates etc ? So, the bath fluid will need changing after a few discs have been cleaned. I was wondering what a Kabuki brush was, and now I know.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      9th November 2020 at 11:24 am

      Hi Ian – yes, the bath will need changing after a time but that’s something you need to monitor and ‘depends’ on how much/often you clean, etc. And yes, I had to ask my wife all about Kabuki brushes 🙂

  • Reply
    Ian Barber
    9th November 2020 at 2:29 pm

    Thanks Paul.


  • Reply
    26th November 2020 at 10:38 am

    Hi Paul,

    Yet more comments from me .. and no need to add this to your web article… I am Day 2 of using my new Degritter (bought as a result of your article and my frustation with using my Kirmuss machine)

    i) I am preparing my Tergitol mix (and have lost my A4 sheet which came with it Jul ’19) and on the side of its box is say “Mix 10-20 drops into a full gallon of distilled water..” this is just under half of what you say you are using in your article – have you made a typo?
    ii) The Degritter manual has the limited warranty disclaimer “Use of unauthorised chemical cleaning agents or liquids will void this warranty”. Maybe one for Degritter, but you have had discussions with Degritter about your methods, have they indicated that they void the warranty a la AudioDeskSysteme?
    iii) Thinking about the 7% IPA to combat the Glycol, do you think this is a part of the problem with the Kirmuss regime? and that 7% is appropriate when using up the Kirmuss Fluid (I have some remaining)

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      27th November 2020 at 12:42 pm

      I’ve just double checked and it’s more like 10 drops per litre, Simon. Apologies.
      Also, I don’t see any of the discussed liquids causing Degritter issues. Its own cleaning liquid includes alcohol elements, for example. The other liquids I recommend are friendlier than even that.
      The problem with the Kirmuss regime is that they do not disclose what’s in their surfactant – I have no idea what they use despite repeated requests – they also recommend that you add this stuff before you play your records, veiling detail in the meantime and yes, there’s not enough power to remove their surfactant from the grooves in the first place. Sure.
      I really don’t rate the Kirmuss surfactant and recommend escorting it to a piece of waste ground and witnessing a controlled explosion.

  • Reply
    21st December 2020 at 12:58 am

    Hi Paul – great comparison and review!

    Short question on the Triton-X. How many ml per 2 laters do you think the 20 micro drops added? Did you notice any significant foam built up the record when running it through the Degritter? How about the TergiKleen mixture?

    I used a 0.04% dilution ratio – about 5ml of a 10% Triton-X (I mixed from 100%) to 1.25L and it did create more foam than I was hoping to expect on a new record. That is though the standard concentration usually recommended for US bath for Triton-X. The Degritter cleaning fluid by comparison created no foam or sign of detergent.

    Interested in hearing more on your opinion since your comparison was done with the Degritter…



    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      21st December 2020 at 11:07 am

      I’ve never experienced foam during a vinyl clean to be honest, Rene. I’ve had bubbles of course, generated by the movement of the disc in the bath. But not actual foam. I wouldn’t expect to see any foam either. If you get that again, is it possible to send an image? Or maybe a link to an image might work better in this Comments section.
      Because my Triton sample featured a fixed, built-in dropper, I used that. Are you using a different bottle type?

  • Reply
    ken amb
    7th March 2021 at 4:26 am

    One should never, ever, put a non food item in a food container, especially a water container! This is an invation to have a poisoning accident! Esecially if children could ever be present.
    Don’t ever to that!

  • Reply
    Patrick Bower
    9th March 2021 at 9:56 pm

    I use a Loricraft PRC4 RCM, with L’Art du Son. Having read your articles I bought Triton X-100, which seemed very good value, and am applying a one drop to 100ml distilled water dilution to the record surface, and applying with a Kabuki brush, before using the L’Art du Son. It certainly has improved the sound.
    However, were you aware that Triton X-100 has now been banned?
    “A Triton X-100 degradation product has indeed turned out to be ecotoxic as it possesses hormone-like (estrogeno-mimetic) activity that may act on wildlife.[12] The ECHA finally included the substance group in the Authorisation List (Annex XIV),[13] mandating the pharmaceutical and other industries to replace this detergent by the “sunset date” January 4, 2021, thereby affecting EU manufacturers, importers, and downstream users, as well as non-European manufacturers exporting their products into the EU.”
    I think I will change to Tergitol, but I am wondering how to dispose of my Triton X-100 safely.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      10th March 2021 at 9:42 am

      Thanks for this Patrick – certainly news to me. I did a bit of searching around after I read your post and this ban was being mooted over two year’s ago! Something I was not made aware of when I bought my supply, I must say. It’s still being widely sold on eBay too. Even as I type these words, although maybe the sellers are hoping for a Non-European sale. As for disposal? I’d approach your local chemist. They may take it off you hands. I’ve updated the feature with a warning.

  • Reply
    23rd March 2021 at 8:35 pm

    Hi Paul, Is the ‘shelf life’ of the Tergikleen extended once mixed with the distilled water?

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      24th March 2021 at 4:22 pm

      I would say no Will.

  • Reply
    24th March 2021 at 5:42 pm

    I have been using my Degritter with Tergikleen wash(es) followed by separate rinse and have noticed a) more groove wall noise and b) more clicks and pops on the channel extremities. Has anyone else noticed this? I am assuming the cleaning is making other anomalies more obvious.

    • Reply
      31st August 2021 at 7:46 pm

      I have the same issue and would love to know how to remedy this. I am so frustrated because each time I clean a record regardless of how (Degritter or hand clean), it gets worse! A new record has zero noise when I first play it, but then I clean it and boom-noise, pops, clicks. Cleanings bring up the quality of he music, etc but at the expense of noise.

      • Reply
        22nd January 2022 at 5:14 pm

        Same here. I’m using a manual antistat and on some records the pops and clicks are worse when it comes out than when it went in. Very frustrating

        • Reply
          23rd January 2022 at 5:21 pm

          I had a similar problem with the Antistat. Largely cured by limiting the number of uses of the fluid and using a non bleached coffee filter to filter the fluid between cleans. I also found the advice in this article useful in that doing a pre-clean prior to using the Antistat helped. I am still not convinced that any system which doesn’t vacuum up the fluid will work effectively though as otherwise any residue in the fluid will dry into the grooves. Hence considering a Project VC-E.

          • Ian Barber
            24th January 2022 at 8:40 am

            Hi Paul,

            I use a Disco Antistat Mk2 and do not have any of your problems so far. I follow the advice in this section ( Ilfotol diluted 1:200, worked-in using Kabuki brush both sides so that both sides are completely covered/fluid worked-in, then put in the Antistat which has a 1% solution of isopropanol/steam distilled water in it ). I turn the handle slowly 12 times in each direction then leave it in the solution to drain for 5-10 minutes so that the exposed grooves look almost dry. I then pick it up and let as much of the fluid as possible drain back into the solution in the Antistat, then place it in the drying rack to dry. I dry up to 15 discs at a time, though doing them double-spaced in the rack ( up to 8 discs) does make them dry quicker. Depending on the weather/heat in the conservatory during the Spring/Summer months, it can take up to 4 hours to dry naturally, which is too long, and it is not possible to clean/dry in the colder months of the year. I am toying with the idea of getting a VC-E purely for drying purposes and using it in conjunction with the Antistat for cleaning. However, using a VC-E or another make/model purely for drying purposes will lead to another problem. Drying a disc with both sides wet at the same time, will spread fluid around, unless the discs are allowed to part dry in the rack for a few minutes to get rid of most of the excess fluid. One of my local used record dealers uses a VC-E with the supplied fluid to clean all their used stock before they are put up for sale. However, the ‘cleaned’ discs suffer from retained dirt in the grooves, which coats the stylus and renders them almost un-playable, until I use my system described above. I hasten to add that I discard the Antistat fluid after around 15-30 discs, which works for me. However, I check the level of contamination in the fluid by pouring it into an empty glass bottle and leave it to settle overnight. The ‘gunge’ settles on the bottom/sides of the glass bottle which determines how many discs can be cleaned with the remaining fluid mixture, so somewhere between 15 and 30 discs can be cleaned before the fluid get too cloudy/dirty. I have only cleaned my discs once so, maybe, giving them another couple of full cleans would improve them even more ? I started my collection in the early 80’s, and I cleaned my whole collection last year for the first time,properly as above, some 235 albums( just under 300 actual discs in total ). Maybe an ultrasonic cleaner used instead of the Antistat would be better overall ? Anyway Paul Rigby is experimenting with these as I write this and we are hoping that 2022 will be the year that he lets us see his results on this forum( parts Two and Three ). Cheers Ian

  • Reply
    John R Whittaker
    27th March 2021 at 8:40 pm

    Hi Paul,

    You mentioned in the article: “There are liquids out there that I know about and can’t afford because they’re too pricey to test at the moment. Nonidet NP-40 was one of those. ”

    What is in a name? Note the NP-40 and Tergitol (TM) connection cited below – are they the same ‘substitute’?

    Running a search I ran into this ‘explanation’ (link at bottom):

    “After doing research on the origin of the elusive term “NP-40”, I discovered that the current commercially available NP-40 brands are considered substitutes of the discontinued Shell Chemical Company’s Nonidet P-40, which is often abbreviated as NP-40. After the discontinuation of Shell’s Nonidet P-40, other companies like Sigma-Aldrich and PanReac AppliChem started to distribute what are dubbed “Nonidet P-40 substitutes”. Two main trademarked names emerged: IGEPAL™ and Tergitol™. Because IGEPAL and Shell’s Nonidet P-40 have the chemical name of octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, IGEPAL is the most chemically similar to the discontinued detergent.”

  • Reply
    John R Whittaker
    27th March 2021 at 8:57 pm

    Follow up re NP-40 (Isn’t google search wonderful?)
    Igepal® ca-630
    Key features and details
    Nonionic non-denaturing detergent
    For solubilizing membrane proteins
    ***** Chemically indistinguishable from Nonidet P-40

  • Reply
    30th March 2021 at 11:03 am

    Hello! Very intrested in your work regarding the Degritter (buying one at the end of April), since I loaned one in august and didn’t really feel it did a BETTER job cleaning than my OKKI NOKKI + Groovinator cleaning fluid.

    You state: “I will leave the detailed, step-by-step cleaning instructions of cleaning your vinyl with a surfactant to another feature or features because I intend to create three cleaning features (and videos) in the future. They will focus on cleaning your vinyl via manual methods, a vacuum-based cleaning machine and an ultrasonic cleaner. Each will need different cleaning approaches. The publication of this feature is a necessary precursor to those How To… articles because surfactants will be mentioned in all of them.”

    Really intrested in knowing the exakt way to prepare the record to be cleaned in the Degritter 🙂

    Keep up the good work!

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      30th March 2021 at 7:17 pm

      Thanks Jonas – and yea. I wish there was more hours in the day so I could do all of this promised stuff. When you get your Degritter, if I haven’t sorted it by then, give me a shout and I’ll provide help.

  • Reply
    Keith Bailey
    30th March 2021 at 12:28 pm

    Paul. I can confirm that the legal position on Triton X-100 (octylphenol ethoxylates from a regulatory point of view) is identical for the UK as the EU. But I will give tergitol a go. I’ve got an AudioDesk and want to see if the surfactant will remove another layer of crackle and pop from the more stubborn records. I assume I still put the AudioDesk cleaning fluid in the bath as well? Now to get a pipette and kabuki brush. (In the original kabuki theatre all the actors were male – including for female roles – so perhaps we should have known!)

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      30th March 2021 at 7:14 pm

      Thanks for the Triton info, Keith.
      When I used an Audio Desk, I binned the company liquid, filled the bath with distilled water and 7% alcohol and used the record preparation as detailed here:
      And I have to say this to cover my backside…be aware that Audio Desk don’t recommend alcohol in their machines. Saying that, I used it in their machine for 2-3 years without an issue but that’s *your* call and *your* responsibility if you decide to run with that idea so don’t shout at me if something happens. I’m just letting you know what I did in the past. I preferred this method to using Audio Desk’s own liquid.
      And great info snippet on kabukis!

  • Reply
    27th April 2021 at 11:41 am

    Hi Paul,
    About TritonX100 and its ban… Does that mean it jas some health hazard for us users ? And should we get rid of whatever we have of it ? Or should it still be OK to use till we finish our bottles ? Not sure what the ban implies to be honest.
    Thanx for the feedback.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      29th April 2021 at 10:09 am

      I’m not an expert on this, Phil but from what I read via the Wiki update, it’s a wildlife issue. Trouble is, if you use it then you’ll be wanting to flush some of it away down the drain at some point. Even as part of a record cleaner bath or somesuch. By doing that, you’re risking wildlife issues because it then gets into the wider environment. So I would take it to a chemist and choose another surfactant.

  • Reply
    23rd June 2021 at 12:54 am

    I just got a degritter and am underwhelmed with the results. I use it with their cleaning fluid and I am sure it leaves a residue film. I can see white dust on my record from the stylus pulling it out. I can also hear the veiling you allude to. The degritter grits my grooves with residue. I have some tergikleen coming. My question is – do you recommend applying the tergikleen dilution to the vinyl directly? I assume I can use a goat hair brush to apply it smoothly. Then, do I run it through the degritter with ONLY distilled water in its tank?

    Follow-up question: won’t subsequent washes now have tergikleen in the tank so after the first wash I can’t really rinse it? How many washes before this becomes an issue in your opinion? I bought a second tank, how could that help?

    I want to like my Degritter investment. If you can help me get the best out of it I would be very appreciative. Thank you so much. I have contacted the company and I they offered was to send me a new machine. Not sure if the machine is the issue though. I think its their fluid. Their customer service is great BTW but they don’t really give much help regarding surfacants that aren’t theirs other to say – try it!

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      23rd June 2021 at 9:23 am

      H Marcelo – during my review of the Degritter (, I did not recommend using the company’s own fluid. There are better options out there. Check out this manual guide first – ignore the later parts using the Disco Antistatic – but please take note of the record’s actual preparation and use of surfactant. That may help you. Then get back to me with any questions you might have from there:

      • Reply
        23rd June 2021 at 2:42 pm

        This answers most my questions. Thank you. Regarding the 7% isopropyl alcohol / distilled water bath. What role does the alcohol play? Help drying? Help rinsing and removing the tergitol? I assume this won’t dry out the vinyl because you don’t apply it directly. Thank you again. I will try your recommendations and hopefully have better results.

        • Reply
          Paul Rigby
          23rd June 2021 at 4:00 pm

          Hi Marcelo – alcohol serves as a partial cleaner. It tends to remove much of the easy stuff: oils, etc and helps to dislodge grime held in the groove by the same. It also serves to melt the glycol. It won’t dry out the vinyl or affect the basic, inherent structure of the vinyl record because of the alcohol low ratio used, the fact that – yes – it’s not applied directly and because of the short exposure time.

  • Reply
    Patrick Bower
    23rd June 2021 at 1:27 pm

    I need to thank you for your comprehensive reviews of surfactants and the Degritter, which I have also now purchased. What a revelation in sound detail, way beyond what I was previously able to achieve using my Loricraft PR6! I have also found that there are significant benefits in doing 5 cleaning cycles, taking a whole hour to clean just one record, but I just could not face the thought of taking the record out and re-applying surfactant after each cycle. I have therefore simplified the process. I just use Tergikleen 5 drops per litre of distilled water in the Degritter tank. I do 5 deep cleaning cycles, one after the other, with no drying time. Then I do a final quick clean with distilled water and a drying cycle. This just involves me clicking buttons on the machine every 10 minutes or so, and I can carry on (working from home) in the meantime. I have bought an extra Degritter water tank for the final clean with distilled water.
    I don’t know if you have done a direct comparison of using Tergikleen in the tank with your standard application of Tergitol to the grooves and alcohol/glycol in the Degritter. If you have, I almost don’t want you to tell me how much better the sound is doing it your way! Thanks again for all you do.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      23rd June 2021 at 1:35 pm

      Yes Patrick, I did do an extensive A-B with surfactant in the tank and on the record itself and found the surfactant on the record did a better job. Not sure if its because you can physically push the surfactant into the grooves with a Kabuki brush before the clean or if the groove-applied surfactant forms a more ‘physical’ assistance if applied direct and maybe the tank-applied surfactant is just overly diluted before that clean so becomes less efficient but yes, direct application is the best route I’m afraid. But look, go with what you feel is best for you and your sanity 🙂

  • Reply
    25th June 2021 at 6:35 pm

    I have read and followed the guidance that Tergikleen needs a follow up rinse cycle. To date I have been using a distilled water and IPA mix. But after reading about how Ilfotol doesn’t leave a residue and appears to be required to further break surface tension I was wondering if anyone has experience of using it in a rinse cycle after using Tergikleen.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      29th June 2021 at 10:01 am

      I would advise against using Ilfotol as part of any rinse cycle because you’re not actually rinsing at that point. Your reapplying surfactant all over again. You’d need to rinse the Ilfotol because residue will be left on the vinyl surface. I know because I’ve heard it. 🙂 You need to rinse *any* surfactant, no-matter what it might be and do so with a basic combo of alcohol and distilled water. See this guide for more information: See the steps under the title, CLEANING YOUR VINYL – STEP BY STEP.

  • Reply
    29th June 2021 at 10:08 am

    Thank you Paul!

  • Reply
    Nigel Gilbey
    17th July 2021 at 11:30 am

    Hi Paul
    Your tests are very interesting and useful
    But when you set out to clean a record surely the main goal is to try and improve
    Any pops ticks and crackle obviously I’m aware there is very little you can do about
    Damaged grooves on new and old pressings.
    But your reviews only focus on highs ,lows
    Soundstage etc.I have tried your cleaning methods exactly with my degritter I used Ilfotol
    Because it was easy to get and the sound is a big improvement on degritter cleaner I agree but I find it does not help that much removing ticks and pops.
    Is this a completely different subject or just a lost cause presumably if there is dirt in groove and this cleaning method doesn’t get rid of it nothing will.
    Thanks for all your honest reviews like to here your thoughts on this.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      19th July 2021 at 3:57 pm

      Hi Nigel – removing pops, clicks, etc is almost ‘too easy’ for a good quality vinyl cleaner. That’s almost taken as read. A good quality vinyl cleaner should sort this as a basic task. So I don’t dwell on this area. If I do not hear improvements in terms of obvious noise then I would stop the review dead in its tracks and move on and report that the cleaner was a waste of time and money. I will endeavour to talk more about this area in the future sure. Maybe I’ve neglected that side because I’m so focused on the difficult to shift areas but the hardest task for any vinyl cleaner is to get rid of the harder-to-shift gunk, oils and other caked-on materials that harm the inherent sound quality.
      You might want to look at my Vinyl Guide to see how I clean vinyl:
      Everything before the actual use of the Disco can be applied to the Degritter, including record preparation. My own (possibly rather extreme!) hour-long clean is how I do a deep clean. A one-off deep clean I have to add.
      If there are still pops and clicks after that lot then you’re looking at groove damage, wear, pressing imperfections, etc.
      And to clarify – you don’t use Glycol?

  • Reply
    19th July 2021 at 4:38 pm

    Hi Paul
    Thanks for reply I have followed your cleaning regime and although I use Ilfotol
    And do 1 deep clean then rinse I do notice big improvements I understand the more you give the more you get I think most of my records with clicks and pops are just down to bad pressings or groove wear
    Your last comment you don’t use Glycol?
    I’m not sure what you mean I do use this because I followed your cleaning steps for Knosti am I not meant to use with degritter?

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      19th July 2021 at 5:37 pm

      My misunderstanding, Nigel – I thought you had decided not to use Glycol. If you are then that’s great 🙂 I would actually recommend giving a couple of your clicky/poppy vinyl discs the full 6-clean treatment using the full Degritter thing and just…see. See what happens. Just in case. You never know.

  • Reply
    19th July 2021 at 8:22 pm

    I will definitely try that

  • Reply
    Nigel Gilbey
    21st July 2021 at 11:25 am

    Hi Paul
    I’ve tried the 6 full clean and on a old Press it does help improve but on a new record no difference which is what anyone who buys records will know some new presses the vinyl is really clean and quiet but unfortunately there is to many new presses that are so badly pressed, all we can hope is the vinyl recovery keeps picking up speed and new plants open with some new machines who knows there could be a whole new revolution in pressing plants we can only dream.
    Also just wondered how you get round heavy clean cycle on degritter it took me nearly 2 hours to do one record with the machine having to cool all the time have you tried to put little less in Bath and add distilled water ice cubes.

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      21st July 2021 at 1:56 pm

      Interesting because I’d disagree on the new vinyl cleans, Nigel. New vinyl is coated with an oil that’s naturally leeched by the vinyl disc during pressing which helps it to be ejected by the press during manufacturing. No one removes this stuff. The record is packed and sent to the shops ‘as is’. So this stuff does remain and veils detail. But look – the important thing is you and your ears. If you can’t hear a difference then sure, don’t bother cleaning new discs.
      In terms of pressing quality. ‘Twas ever thus. It’s always been like that. Pressing records is an art, not a button pressing operation. If a plant finds itself rushed (and that’s happening now, worldwide – the demand is currently through the roof) to complete a contract, that can introduce errors. If there’s an inexperienced member of staff on the line that can produce errors, if a member of staff doesn’t stack the new vinyl properly that can cause errors, vinyl imperfections, maybe the press needs a service (most of them are very old), the wrong vinyl recipe is used, etc. There’s a host of reasons why pressings can founder.
      I haven’t had issues with overheating so can sort a 6-cleaner operation in around half that time. I wouldn’t use ice cubes either because it ultimately alters the alcohol ratio in the bath. You might also find alcohol-free spots appearing during the melting process.
      Again, though. These are just my opinions. Find the right system and process for you. the methods I post here and the comments I make are merely guidelines.

      • Reply
        21st July 2021 at 2:21 pm

        I think you might of misunderstood
        My comments on new Vinyl I think the clean does help on new vinyl as well I was talking about more ticks and pops that won’t go I think these are different imperfections as you pointed out.
        We all know Records are not perfect but no format is. Records will always my preferred format.
        Thanks Paul for all your comments
        and Reviews.

        • Reply
          Paul Rigby
          22nd July 2021 at 4:00 pm

          No problem – thanks for clarifying Nigel.

  • Reply
    26th November 2021 at 2:51 am

    Imagine my joy just reading this now to find that the Triton X100 I just purchased from eBay has been banned! Anyway I do have a question regarding surfactants and rinsing. If I understand correctly the surfactant serves the dual purposes of breaking up the water tension thereby allowing the cleaning fluid to get into the grooves and also acting as a cleaning agent itself.

    My question then is if we are to remove the surfactant as recommended by rinsing, but do not add surfactant to the rinse mixture, how will that mixture manage to get sufficiently into the grooves to remove the surfactant already present? (Sorry if this is starting to sound like a Madonna track!)

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      26th November 2021 at 9:00 am

      🙂 That final rinse is purely cavitation based, there is no mixture involved here. In fact, the point of the final rinse is to remove any mixture.

  • Reply
    27th November 2021 at 5:21 pm

    Hi Paul,
    I use a very small amount, a “dash” as it were, (no measurement) of medical grade 99% ISO alcohol to a Degritter tank of distilled water for my final rinse. Any thoughts o that?

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      29th November 2021 at 10:21 am

      How much is a ‘dash’ though, eh? I’ve known people to get blind drunk on a ‘dash’ of vodka, for example 😉
      I recommend 1% only to do the basic job or 7% if you’re using glycol as part of your regime. See the Degritter review for more on this.

      • Reply
        1st December 2021 at 3:21 am

        Hi Paul,
        I would say that’s probably pretty close to 1%. If I had to measure, I’d guess maybe 1 or 2 tablespoons full per tank. Merry Christmas!- Yep, it is around the corner already.

  • Reply
    Ian Barber
    29th November 2021 at 11:31 am

    Hi Paul,
    With the festive season rapidly( too rapidly) approaching it would be very handy to have part 2/3 available on here for those contemplating purchases before the end of this year, as very worthwhile guide(s). So,are parts 2 or 3 likely to appear on here at all in the near future, please ? In the meantime, I am very happy with the results obtained using your recommendations for the respective fluids, together with my Disco Antistat MK2, apart from the drying times in Autumn and Winter. So, many thanks for your continued efforts on this subject, which are very much appreciated by everyone on here. Cheers Ian

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      29th November 2021 at 5:47 pm

      True and thank you. Part 2 is nearly sorted. It’s slow. Time is the problem because the approach of Christmas also means nasty print magazine deadlines and lots of them (I still write for those to pay bills). The industry disappears for most of January so I do December’s work but also January’s in December, which takes up more of my time. Any spare moments I have, I will proceed with Pt.2. Honest, guv.

  • Reply
    23rd December 2021 at 3:36 pm

    great review. Question, would the Tergitol be suitable for both on-vinyl and mixed in the water tank application? Do you have experience with L’art-du-son-record-cleaning-fluid?

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      23rd December 2021 at 6:05 pm

      On the record or in a bath is fine Frans but on the record is more efficient. That’s the option I recommend. L’Art du Son is not really the same thing. The latter is a cleaner, the former *aids* cleaning. It helps the cavitation process.

  • Reply
    11th January 2022 at 12:19 am

    Hi Paul. Great YouTube channel, great website, great blog! So glad I found you 🙂
    Quick question, with apologies if it’s already been answered:
    The makeup brush you use to spread the surfactant around the vinyl – how do you clean it and how often? It occurs to me that if you’re cleaning a very dirty record you just picked up in a charity shop, that brush will be ‘first contact’ with it, if you like, and may pick up some nasty stuff!
    Thanks in advance, and happy new year 🙂

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      11th January 2022 at 10:16 am

      Hi Doug and many thanks for your kind comments. As for the brush? After each vinyl clean, I use a clean tea towel to dry it off but every 30 cycles I then clean it in distilled water, ruffle it against a clean tea towel and leave it to dry. One thing, I reform the bristles into a point after every tea towel ‘dry’ to maintain its shape.

      • Reply
        11th January 2022 at 1:07 pm

        Thanks Paul. Insofar as you can bring a brush of that design to a point I guess 😉

  • Reply
    stuart martin
    14th January 2022 at 11:58 pm

    Hi Paul, I really appreciate all your expert work which assists greatly in the pursuit of good sound.
    I have a brand new Degritter RCM which I purchased on your recommendation and am mostly very impressed with.
    I say mostly because I have found that a layer of background (low level) “rice bubbles” similar noise is added after cleaning – noticeable on the first playing. Most noticeable of course between tracks or during any very quiet sections of music. A second playing reduces this surface noise level by half and after a further playing the noise has all but disappeared. I have been using Degritter’s own surfactant added to the purest distilled water available that I can find.
    I have searched and searched but have found no other reports of this added noise I’m experiencing.
    I have just finished reading and watching your excellent report on the different surfactants but before I purchase do you have any suggestions as to what might be causing this issue? My gear is all newish Origin live Sovereign mk4 t/table Enterprise mk4 arm and a Airtight PC1 Supreme cartridge correctly set up and in good condition.
    I have followed the Degritter instructions but have also experimented with trying 1 up to 2ml of surfactant, different drying times and different fan speeds etc.
    Many years ago when I purchased a Hannl wet cleaning RCM I had a similar added noise issue after cleaning until I switched from Hannl’s own non antistatic fluid to one that had antistatic properties (L’art du son) and the problem completely disappeared.
    Before I purchase an alternative surfactant I wondered if you happened to know whether the Tergikleen fluid or any others has any antistatic properties?

  • Reply
    14th February 2022 at 9:45 pm

    Hi Paul – as usual, another great and informative article!
    I’m ready to mix up my X-100 in my distilled water for my ultrasonic solution, but just wanted to get some clarification. My unit takes 4 liters, so using your ratio, that’s 40 drops of X-100, but then, I reread your article and noticed you are specifying 20 “micro” drops per 2 liters. So, my question is are you using the term in a clinical/lab sense, or are you saying that the drops from the X-100 dropper appear to be smaller than usual? I ask this because a quick internet search to medical and lab calculators specify the following:
    1 ugtt = 0.333 gtt
    1 gtt = 3 ugtt
    where gtt = drop
    ugtt = micro-drop
    So, as you can see, that’s a pretty big difference – if you’re sure your X-100 dropper is producing clinically defined micro-drops, then for my regular dropper, I would only use ~26 drops for my 4 liters of distilled water vs 40. If you’re not sure, then perhaps the next time you mix up a batch, would you please measure what the 20 drops from the X-100 dropper equates to in ml.? -thanks & cheers!

    • Reply
      Paul Rigby
      17th February 2022 at 10:56 am

      Hi Jimmy – have you seen my comments about X-100, its ban in Europe and the problems it has re. wildlife? The drops comment related to the integral bottle dropper I faced when buying my example. The drops from the same were noticeably smaller than a ‘standard’ pipette-type dropper. In general terms I found them half the size so doubled the amount for the same quantity of liquid. You don’t have to be too precise here. A drop or two either way is fine.

      • Reply
        22nd March 2022 at 2:20 am

        I understand X-100 is no longer available in Europe but I just purchased some in Canada as I could not get Tergitol. Following on from Paul’s question I to am interested in better understanding how much Triton I need for a 4ltr ultrasonic bath for the bath approach and if I use the direct apply would the mix ratio be the same. There seems to be little guidance on this topic. Thank you for your help and great videos.

        • Reply
          Paul Rigby
          23rd March 2022 at 10:32 am

          Hi Chris – it depends on the applicator but, if you use the same bottle I used, that produces half-sized drops so I measured 20 of those per litre.
          I don’t recommend adding that direct to your bath though. You can, no harm will be done but the efficiency will be reduced.
          The 20 drops are diluted into a litre of distilled water. That diluted liquid is then the basis of a surfactant (with or without Glycol) to apply directly to the vinyl surface. Not the bath.
          See my Guide here:

  • Reply
    Jeff Lind
    24th March 2022 at 2:33 pm

    You can find Tergikleen (Tergitol) on Amazon. It’s better than Triton- which has been banned. It’s about $28 US for a tube that will literally make hundreds of gallons of cleaner. It’s also less “masking” and in my opinion, easier to rinse off.

  • Reply
    24th March 2022 at 3:54 pm

    Hi Chris, if it’s the same stuff that I got, it doesn’t dissolve very well with water, I had to mix it with a small amount of isopropyl alcohol then mix it with water. I’m using Ifotol now!

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