Visitations

J.A. MICHELL ENGINEERING: Factory Report, Enhanced Edition

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Despite the short walk from the local railway station, combating busy roads and the usual hustle and bustle of a working day, it’s easy to walk past the unassuming site. In fact, I initially did. When you eventually do enter into the courtyard that serves as the works car park for J.A. Michell Engineering, however, it hits you immediately. History surrounds and dominates the arena, surprising you like a bank of fog on a winding country lane

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Michell is famed for its film connections – that’s John Michell, centre bottom

It’s not because the place used to be an old pub, either, it’s more than that, it’s personal. The much missed and respected company founder, John Michell, is present still. Like a protective ghost, John Michell’s philosophy, ethos and practices are infused within this company. He’s in the structure of the offices and workshop that hasn’t changed in form or style since he founded the business in 1973. He’s in the original German-made, Feinbau machines that made the precision parts for his early turntables but now lie dusty and unused, propping up sheets of hardboard, symbolic to the fact the J.A. Michell Engineering never throws anything away…just in case.

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Original German-made, Feinbau that made the precision parts for Michell’s early turntables

He’s in the faces of the members of staff, many of which knew and worked with John as well as the face of his daughter, Julie, who sits as a company director. He can be seen in the designs of the entire range of products that the company sells, whether they be turntables or the gamut of accessories and upgrades that support those decks. Finally, he can be heard and seen within the Works Manager, Steve Rowland, a man who only joined the company to help out when John Michell was too ill, from cancer, to fulfill his normal daily duties.

THE FIRST CLAMP

“What you have to remember about John was that this place was his life,” said Rowland, “he didn’t delegate at all. I joined the company in January 2003. When John died, that October, I would go to the guys and say, well, we’ve got to do ‘this’. I’d get a ‘Well, I don’t know’ reply. I’d say ‘What do you mean? You’ve been here forever’ and they’d say ‘Well, John always did that.’ So, they’d go to a hi-fi show and the staff would start to set everything up and John would say, ‘No, leave that. I’ll do that.’”

The world’s first turntable clamp. Designed by John Michell. He did try to patent the idea but the Patent Office declared that the design was not significant enough to warrant their attention. One wonders how much money the company has lost as a result.


Not to put too finer point on it, John Michell was a control freak, although he hated administrative duties. He much preferred to be sketching his latest engineering ideas on a pad during a lunch break. In fact, he’d rather be unblocking the drains in the car park than being stuck in the office.

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A treasure trove of old and very rare Michell turntables from days gone by…

Anyone who has worked with, used or seen a Michell turntable would find it hard to disagree that John Michell had high standards. He was analogue’s restless prodigy, his imagination and innovation is there to see in his early forays in the film industry. Whether that be the building of the Discovery space ship for Stanley Kubrick’s legendary film, 2001: A Space Odyssey or within his attention to detail building the complex eye and fitting of the overly helpful robot, C3PO, in George Lucas’ blockbuster, Star Wars.

MICHELL MONA LISA

It was also seen in Michell’s early days as a jobbing engineer, making parts for Transcriptor turntables to the flowering of that potential with the launch of the highly modified Hydraulic Reference deck sporting the J.A. Michell Eng. Ltd badge. What followed was a series of distinctive designs such as the Prisma and Focus One. The GyroDec, however, became Michell’s own Mona Lisa: a study in beauty that refuses to age.

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Michell’s aborted attempt to develop it’s own CD player

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In John’s last years he saw the introduction of the TecnoArm, TecnoWeight and HR Power Supply but, since his death, the company has been restricted to cosmetic enhancements and the Orbe’s Never-Connected power supply, released in 2006. You have to ask, though. Why is that? Despite the accessories and upgrades to current designs, why haven’t we seen a completely new turntable from Michell since the Orbe, in 1995?

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Steve Rowland

Curiously, because there has been no engineering prowess at the company since John Michell past away. A remarkable situation for any company trying to survive in the current hi-fi market. In fact, during the later stages of John’s illness, the future for the company became clouded, “He came very close to selling. Very close indeed,” said Rowland. “There was a third party that knew that he was ill and had mentioned it to others. Because of John’s total control of the company, they thought that this place stood no chance of John keeping it going if he wasn’t there to control it. It was his daughter, Julie, who convinced him not to sell.”

A NEW TURNTABLE?

When John eventually died, Rowland wondered if the company could carry on. Michell received plenty of support from the industry and retail sectors, however, not to mention the loyal customer base that slowly stabilised the company. Opening up new markets in Eastern Europe, Asia and Japan added to the security.

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Part of Michell Engineering’s company premises – formerly a pub.

With a bit of luck and a following wind, however, Michell has a future. One that might just be wrapped up in Steve and Julie Rowland’s son-in-law, the young Jonny Nye. Brought in from the Home Automation industry where he worked for two high profile companies, Nye is an engineer. He’s even picked up that Michell-esque habit of sketching new ideas on bits of paper during his lunch hour.

More than that, there is talk of a new turntable. Don’t get excited, though. It’s literally at the drawing board stage and shows no immediate signs of leaving it. I was privileged to see the design on Rowland’s own PC and it looks impressive. Instigated by another, nameless, engineer, situated outside of the company, it resembles something that you might use to cap a nuclear power station, utilising three ‘grab handle’ suspension springs. It looks very Michell-like but, as to when it might reach the market?

“Well, the problem here is that we are slow,” said Rowland. “We’ll come up with an idea and, over the period that we’re faffing around, someone else will produce a similar idea so we’ll drop ours. For example, we thought of putting an Orbe platter on a GyroDec chassis but then Transrotor did their Fat Bob turntable and Pro-Ject also did something similar.”

CUSIS

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Julie Rowland

Despite the slow emergence of new product, Michell is on the verge of releasing a new cartridge, which has been developed in conjunction with Benz. I had a quick, secret peek in, of all places, the toilet of Michell’s exhibition area at the last Sound & Vision show, last February in Bristol. Progress has been made since then. The cartridge is ready to go, only the hinged jewellery box container is awaited. Called the Cusis, it will retail at £1,065. The name has a medical context and is Greek for ‘ear’. A second cartridge, the Oris, was planned but its performance was deemed too similar to the Cusis so it was dropped. Michell see the Cusis cartridge filling a gap in its range, serving as a solution to new turntable owners looking for a suitable and compatible cartridge for their new deck.

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As it stands, Michell performs well in the high-end budget and midrange sectors and that is reflected in the sales figures. The company is doing well if it sells 550 turntables per year. That figure is relative, however. For example, Rega will ship 800 RP1 budget turntables on a single pallet yet Michell refuses to compete directly on that level, “We’ve been asked to do a budget turntable,” said Rowland, “but how the hell could we compete with that? Actually, we don’t do as well as we should with the TecnoDec. Priced at £735, in it’s own right, it’s a good little player. Compared to the GyroDec, the TecnoDec has the same motor, style of bearing, platter and power supply but people are too busy aspiring to buy a GyroDec.”

Michell throws nothing away – an original Feinbau originally installed to create parts for new Michell projects, used when Michell were a manufacturing concern in the early days of the company.

BLAST FROM THE PAST

Standing in the centre of the Michell workshop, you feel that you have stepped back into the 50s or 60s: it screams craftsmanship and looks like an ideal design template from the files of one of the nearby film sets or possibly Ealing Studios. Wooden benches are everywhere, old lathes and milling machines sit in dark corners, tiny drawers of wiring, tools and other, unrecognisable gizmos provide fuel to this hive which sets a gentle yet quietly industrious pace.

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Transcriptor Hydraulic Reference

One of the reasons that Michell products are so popular, apart from the rich history that runs through the company, is its traditional manufacturing methods and standards of manufacture. For example, unlike other iconic hi-fi names like Wharfedale and Quad, Michell has not been tempted by cut-price Chinese manufacturing techniques. With the exception of a European-sourced motor, all of the parts are obtained from UK-based companies who sub-contract to Michell, supplying parts to Michell’s specifications. Michell buys the raw material, it then delivers it to the sub-contractors and they make the parts from that material. In this way, Michell retains control and maintains consistency, which is often a criticism of Chinese methods.

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The first GyroDec: 001

Michell Engineering used to employ 20 people, at its height. That’s been reduced to just six or seven with three in the workshop itself. Because of this concentration of labour, each workshop technician subsequently gains more significance. Working in the space, during my visit, was Jonny Nye, “Our daily routines change regularly,” he said “I would normally check the orders and assemble the GyroDec and Orbes. Recently we’ve had a load of platters come in so we need to check them out for quality.”

IT HAS A BEARING

Picking up the latest GyroDec bearing, Nye was also eager to talk about its hidden capabilities. A subtle spiral engraving is machined on the bore of the bearing so, when the platter is turning, oil is drawn around the spindle to lubricate the thrustball, it exits back into the well as an Archimedes Screw.

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It then circulates so that any stray, foreign, items that would possibly sit around the ball, grinding against it are ‘filtered’, carried by the oil from the ball, back down into the well. The bearing is self-cleaning, in effect.

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The enigmatic Paul ‘Punky’ Rundle

Sitting behind Nye, occupying his own desk, is Michael Rayner, who looks after the electronics within each turntable, “After examining each component, we look for physical defects, then run the components, check the bearing, the motor and the power supply,” he said.

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Rayner arrived at Michell in 1978, after leaving school, working in the machine shop on lathes and the mill. During my visit, Rayner worked upon the power supplies, motors and cables for different turntables. Not just for the UK market. Different specifications are required for the USA and Europe.

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Michael Raynor, long term staff member and expert in film music.

Repairs are another major part of the working day. Situated behind Rayner, during my visit, were vintage Focus One and Syncro turntables waiting for attention, “You get issues with the old electronics on the older models,” said Rayner.

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Sometimes handling three or four turntable repairs in a week, all three workshop staff members have a role in repairing the items or applying upgrades. That includes the enigmatic Paul ‘Punky’ Rundle, devoted to machining and assembling the TecnoDec, “I also create accessories such as the TecnoWeight and so on,” he said.

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Michell Engineering’s future? Jonny Nye, Engineer

When individual parts arrive in the company, they are assembled for fit and for operational testing and then left to run to make sure that no problems occur during operation. The parts are then disassembled, ready for packing as a kit of parts.

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As such, Michell is perceived as a quintessential British manufacturer. Commenting on his refusal to reach out to China, Rowland commented that, “Rightly or wrongly, John wouldn’t have done it that way. And I won’t either.”

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